Tag Archives: Vmware

Teaser – Learning VMware NSX – Virtxpert Repost

I have been working on my book for a while now and have picked two of the best reviewers to keep me honest. The book is about VMware NSX and is the only NSX book as far as I am aware(that isn’t focussed on certification only). 

The book is now available for pre order and below is what Jonathan from www.virtxpert.com has posted. Enjoy the read.

I have been fortuneate enough in my day job to get hands on experience with VMware NSX, even before the bits were available to download I was supporting NSX via the Federation Enterprise Hybrid Cloud, as it is one of the core components. For people still looking to get a jump start on learning NSX, I wanted to give you a bit of a teaser for an upcoming book by Ranjit Singh – Learning VMware NSX.


Since I am a technical reviewer for this book, which is being published by Packt Publishing, I can’t give away to much but can tell you it is packed with step by step examples on how to get up and running quickly with NSX and understand the various components and how they interact. Keep an eye out on the Packt site, and I expect you’ll here more from me and @rjapproves when it is released!

VMware NSX Session at Atlanta VMUG UserCon Today! 

For anyone in and around Atlanta, make sure you make it to GWCC convention center for the VMUG UserCon 2015!

Atlanta has one of the busiest VMUG and I will be presenting on getting started with VMware NSX!

You can also meet up with Mariano Maluf – the president of VMUG and other big wigs as well.

Also get to meet Kelley O’Hara – from the national football team and am hoping to take a picture with her. She’s awesome!

See you there! 

VMworld 2015 Party #LiveBlog #Lastnight

This 2015 VMworld party was off the charts. Last year it was barely ok.. And we didn’t really like but this year was a completely different story!

Busses picked up attendees – yes you have to have a pass and a guest pass valid for concert only costed somewhere around 300$ is what I was told.

We then headed to the Att center where Neon trees and Alabama Shakes rocked the house. 

There were plenty of games and rides and yes alcohol was free too including food. Wine and beer flowed like water!

 And surprise surprise there was a skating rink inside as well! I fell a number of times. Enjoy the pics and the verdict was that this party was certainly better than before! Good job VMware!


23K, 88 Countries, 50K Live Viewers

VMworld 2015 general session kicks off with 23,000 attendees. 


Differences between VMware Site Recovery Manager vs Zerto Replication

Disaster recovery is critical for any business. With virtualization technology disaster recovery has become simpler and easier to implement. One of the most common ways to implement disaster recovery is replication – where a specific segment or an entire production footprint is replicated to a disaster recovery site.

Here we will briefly discuss and compare two of the most commonly used replication software that are widely used in the industry today.  VMware’s Site Recovery Manager(SRM) and Zerto Replication Software are two of the most commonly used replication technologies that allow you to protect your production footprint.

VMware’s Site Recovery Manager (SRM) and Zerto replication are both disaster recovery management and orchestration solution that provide disaster recovery by means of replication. While SRM is a product that is developed by VMware, Zerto software is a product of Zerto technologies. Both use vSphere’s API to integrate into vCenter and manage replication.

We will compare both technologies on these three factors – features, functional components and replication technology. This will allow you to get an overall idea of what is involved in deploying these two products in your infrastructure and determining which one is a better fit based on your use case.

Features – Below is a comparison of the feature set between VMware’s SRM and Zerto replication.

  VMware Site Recovery Manager Zerto Replication
Total number of virtual machines configured for protection per vCenter 5000 5000
Total number of virtual machines protected per appliance 500 (with vSphere replication) 500
RPO <15 minutes (Storage replication), 15 minutes (vSphere replication) <15 minutes
Ability to work with Storage replication Yes No
Virtual machine consistency groups Yes Yes
vSphere Client Integration Yes Yes
RDM Support Yes (Virtual RDM only) Yes
RE-IP of Virtual Machines Yes Yes
API support Yes (SDK) Yes (RestAPI)
Licensing Per-VM Per-VM
Post-Script Execution Yes Yes

Functional Components

Below is the architecture of SRM.


We will break down the parts and describe them below,

Site recovery Manager – This is the SRM software that manages and orchestrates the entire solution and is critical for being able to manage a disaster failover. The software is installed on a Windows server and can be installed in a virtual machine. The SRM server is configured to connect to the vCenter server on each site.

Once the connection is done, site pairing is done between both sides allowing each site to be able to access the other site and resources are mapped.

VM Replication – SRM has the ability to support replication by means of virtual machine replication. This is done by deploying VR appliance at each of the vCenter and VR agents on each of the hypervisors. The agents are able to track and ship blocks of traffic across the WAN through the VR appliance that are received on the other site. The benefit of VM replication is that it is storage agnostic and can replicate regardless of the backend storage used.

Storage Array Replication – One of the most common modes of replication seen while using SRM is storage array replication. In this scenario, the storage array itself handles the replication while SRM orchestrate a DR event by directly communicating with the storage. This is done by deploying Storage replication adapter (SRA) on the SRM server that communicates with the storage array directly. SRM is able to send commands via this SRA to the storage array to break replication when a DR event is triggered.

Below is the architecture of Zerto –


Zerto Virtual Manager (ZVM) – ZVM is deployed on a Windows virtual machine and runs as a service that manages replication between the production and the recovery site. The ZVM is configured to tie into the vCenter server on each site respectively.

Virtual Replication Appliances (VRAs) – Virtual replication appliances are virtual machines installed on each host being managed by a vCenter that have virtual machines that need to be protected. The VRA manages the replication data that is being replicated to or from a protected site.

Zerto User Interface – The replication is managed by the user interface via the Zerto user interface. This web interface is accessible both via the vCenter client or the vSphere web client.

Replication Technology

VMware’s SRM and Zerto both have the ability to perform virtual machine replication however SRM has an additional functionality of being able to offload the replication to be managed by the storage array.

Being able to offload the replication to the storage array comes with its own benefits and some drawbacks as well.

One benefit of replicating using the storage array is the low RPO that the storage array is able to offer. Array replication is considered to be more efficient in the sense that the arrays offer efficient ways of data management and transfer.

Array replication on the other hand requires similar storage arrays on both sides and additional licensing for replication – both being very expensive. This also requires multiple teams to be involved in getting the entire setup complete – this can cause management problems while architecting or executing a DR plan.

Zerto replication replicates by means of virtual machines replication only. Zerto manages and replicates by means of the Zerto Virtual Manager (ZVM) that connects to a vCenter. The ZVM also deploys the Virtual replication appliances (VRA) on to each vSphere host that is participating in replication. This VRA is able to watch all writes being sent to virtual machines and is able to make a copy and ship these writes across to the other site, there by achieving RPO in seconds.

As soon as a write is seen by the VRA it quickly copies it over and sends it to the ZVM that transports the write to the other side.


SRM and Zerto are both efficient enterprise class replication software that make it easy to deploy, manage and execute a disaster recovery run book. Both software can be easily deployed and integrate seamlessly in the vSphere client and vSphere web client. While SRM can be a great fit for a mixed tier replication i.e. storage and virtual machine replication, zerto can be targeted towards small and medium business foot prints that allow for cost savings by not having to purchase expensive storage infrastructure.

vCloud Air vApp Networking “Pending” Status – Bug!

Been busy but I tried to squeeze out sometime to play with VMware’s vCloud Air On-Demand. If you been to the VMUG UserCon’s then you would know that VMware was giving away 200$ worth of free vCloud Air usage to test out the product.

I deployed a virtual machine – well actually I uploaded it to my Catalog and deployed it from there. I made sure i added it to the default routed network – which you get assigned by default. It is a /24 subnet that you get for your account.

Although my VM was on it – in the “networking” tab you see a “Pending” Status as shown in the below pic. This tab is part of the vCloud Director console so you will only see it when you manage your environment using vCloud Director.


VMware vCloud Air support today confirmed that this was a bug with vCloud Director and that it has no affect on network connectivity.

I wanted to make sure you were aware of this so you don’t freak out like I did 🙂

Deploy Your Docker Container on VMWare Project Photon

VMware last week announced its involvement with container fever that has gripped the world by announcing open source Project Photon and Project Lightwave.

Project photon is a light weight linux deployment for cloud specific applications while project lightwave provides the security aspect around it. Together both are intended to provide a gateway for VMware towards container architecture.

You can read more from this blog post as well.

Photon can run off of a minimal foot print of 300 MB making it pretty light weight.

I deployed photon on my VMware Fusion on my Mac (obviously) and here’s how it went.

Download the ISO (unless you want to build one off of git)

Deploy a new vm and make sure you select the OS type as Linux kernel 3.x 64-bit


Once you power on the VM


Click Install

Typical Linux install until you are asked to pick the kind of instance you want to deploy. Because I wanted to deploy a container, I picked the second option.


Select a hostname and a password and off you go!


Boom done, now next to pull our first container and get that part going! Press a key to reboot.

Login as root and the password you set. Once you are in do a ifconfig so you know your ip unless you have DNS and everything setup already.

In the container OS mode, docker is already up and ready to rock but lets make sure it boots up every time the system is up. Lets do a “systemctl enable docker” and do a “systemctl start docker” to start the service.


Lets pull a docker image, I recently uploaded a basic nginx container so lets try to run that.

lets do a search just to be sure 🙂 Do a “docker search rjapproves/myfirstcontainer” (replace my repo with what ever you like)


Next lets do a docker pull.

Do a “docker pull rjapproves/myfirstcontainer”

Once we do a pull do a “docker run -d -p 80:80 rjapproves/myfirstcontainer” (the switches mention run as a daemon and map the external to internal port)


Finally test out your browser and docker’s running!


Right now project lightwave is not up for download to try out the security features but when its out we will explore that further.

My docker repo can be found at docker.io/rjapproves/ and you can do a quick search as needed.


Saw this on the Twitter today and was worth mentioning and writing about.

Turns out that due to changes in the VDDK API, hor add functionality in VDP fails with vSphere 6.x. It also runs islower backups than its predecessor.

It gets worse when you notice that the restore of a backup against vSphere 6.0 does not work!

The fix is simple – Upgrade your VDP to 6.0 version.

The KB article related to this info is here.

Have you used VDP yet?!


An awesome guide is worth writing about. So before you run off to deploy your shiny new VSAN, make sure you have this handy guide beside you.

Corman Hogan wrote up an awesome guide for VSAN Troubleshooting that has pretty much everything you need to get that VSAN fixed up and running.

Here is the link and thanks Corman – awesome stuff!